Mango is a tropical fruit, native to India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan and related to sumac and poison ivy. Its importance to humans dates back to around 2000 BC when it was domesticated in India. After domestication, the mango was introduced to East Asia between 500 and 400 BC. By the 15th century, it had made its way to the Philippines, followed by Africa and Brazil in the 16th century. Akbar, a Mughal emperor, planted over 100,000 mango trees in a place now known as Lakhi Bagh in India. Today, mango trees can be found in a number of tropical climates.
Mango is growing in many countries in Southeast of Asian and it is a popular fruit in these countries. According to FAO statistics, countries grower more mango tree in Southeast of Asia are Thailand, Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam and Cambodia.
Thailand is the number 1 mango producer in Southeast Asia and is the third largest mango producer in the world, with about 3.4 million tonnes each year. Thailand has about 753,671 acres dedicated to mango production. Thailand processes and exports this fruit, including in the following presentations: fresh, frozen, canned, and dried. The majority of fresh mangoes, however, are sold in domestic markets. Only about 2% of the fresh fruit is exported to South Korea, China, Japan, Malaysia, and Singapore. Mango sales total over $50 million.