Ramsar Convention - The Convention on Wetlands (signed in Ramsar City, Iran in 1971) is an international convention for the conservation and fair use of wetlands and resources from land full of water. The goal is to prevent the growing invasion into wetlands as well as their loss now and in the future; recognize the basic ecological functions of wetlands and their scientific, cultural and economic values.
To date, Vietnam has 9 wetlands recognized as Ramsar sites in the world, of which Xuan Thuy National Park (Nam Dinh province) is the first mangrove forest in Vietnam to be internationally recognized by the Ramsar convention.
Xuan Thuy National Park covers an area of more than 7,100 ha in the south of the Red River divided into two areas: the core zone and the buffer zone. The core zone has a land area of 3,100 ha during flood tide, 4,000 ha of wetland, including part of Con Ngan, all of Con Lu and Con Xanh in Giao Thien commune. And the buffer zone is the rest of Con Ngan, the entire Bai Trong, an area of 800 ha, in 5 communes: Giao Thien, Giao An, Giao Lac, Giao Xuan and Giao Hai.
According to the Convention on the Conservation of Wetlands (Ramsar), in January 1989, this estuarine wetland became the 50th member of the list of internationally important wetlands (Ramsar). The natural topography, which was created by the alluvial sediment law of the estuary, has made a natural reserve with many unique habitats. This is a typical conservation area of wetland ecosystems with many rare wildlife and migratory birds.
Through surveys in 1988 and 1994, over 20,000 waterbirds were observed in the area, including 8 species of bird that are threatened and about to be threatened at the global level, namely: spoonbill, China oriental white stork, etc.
The most remarkable note in Xuan Thuy is the largest population of spoonbill species in Vietnam. Because of its international importance for bird conservation, Xuan Thuy has been recognized as one of the important bird areas in Vietnam.
Currently, the Management Board of the National Park is trying to perfect the services to serve tourists to visit such as the construction of bird huts, binoculars, boats to take visitors to visit the mangrove ecosystem at the estuary of Red river, etc. to create conditions for the local people to manage and implement eco-tourism services. In addition, the protection and preservation of natural resources was also developed by the Management Board of Xuan Thuy National Park to submit to all levels and branches for the purpose of sustainable protection of this first Ramsar area.