Kampot Pepper (Mrech Kampot)
Kampot pepper or poivre de Kampot is pepper from two berry varieties, the Kamchay and the Lampong, of the species Piper nigrum L. grown in the provinces of Kampot and Kep in southern Cambodia. There are four types of Kampot pepper – green, black, red, and white.
The green variety is harvested while still young on the vine. It’s aromatic with a mild peppery flavor, and it’s recommended to use it with grilled or fried squid dishes. The black variety has a delicate and strong aroma, and the flavor ranges from mild and sweet to intensely spicy.
Cubeb is a complex pepper variety native to Java, Indonesia. The pepper starts out as the immature fruit of a tropical climbing vine that sometimes grows in coffee plantations. The vines produce small flowers that turn into berries, which are gathered in the early summer.
The berries are then dried in the sun until they turn wrinkly and brown-black. Cubeb pepper barely has any heat, and the flavors are bitter, refreshing, and slightly numbing. Originally, it was grown for medicinal purposes, but over time it became popular as an ingredient due to its peppery and bitter notes.
Phú Quốc Pepper
This Vietnamese pepper originates from the island of Phú Quốc, which produces over 1000 tons of it annually. The pepper is well-known for its strong aroma, pungency, and heat. The red pepper has an especially strong aroma and a sweet, citrusy heat, while the black one has large and solid corns.
There’s also a third variety (but they’re all the same pepper species) – white pepper, and the fourth one is green pepper (unripe, good for cooking and making herbal teas). The farmers use only organic fertilizers and dry the pepper in the sunlight.
Rimbàs Black Pepper
In the Malaysian state of Sarawak, more precisely near the river Rimbàs, a local variety of black pepper known as Kuching is cultivated by the Ibans native group. The rows in small pepper fields are arranged on a slight slope in order to avoid the accumulation of excess water – a result of abundant tropical rains.
The pepper plant has the form of a bush and grows around a post of one of the most resistant woods in nature – ironwood or belian. The grains of pepper are collected when they turn from green to pale yellow color, and are then washed and left to dry in the sun.
According to tasteatlas.com