UGM was the first public university in Indonesia, established as Universiteit Negeri Gadjah Mada (UNGM) on December 19, 1949. At its inception, UGM had six faculties: Medicine, Dentistry, and Pharmacy; Law, Economics, Social and Political Sciences; Engineering; Letters, Pedagogy and Philosophy; Agriculture; and Veterinary Medicine.

From 1952 until 1972, the Faculty of Law, Social and Political Sciences was split into two faculties: the Surabaya branch of the Faculty of Law, Social, and Political Sciences; and the Faculty of Education and Teacher Training, which was integrated into IKIP Yogyakarta (now Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta).

Comprising 18 faculties and 27 research centers, UGM offers 68 undergraduate, 23 diploma, 104 master and specialist, 43 doctorate and 4 clusters of post doctoral study programs. 

The university is named after Gajah Mada, a 14th-century leader of the Majapahit Empire of Java, considered by some historians to be the nation’s first unifier.

In the QS World University Rankings 2023, UGM is ranked 1st in Indonesia and 231st in the world. On Edurank, the school is ranked 19th in Asia and 370th in the world for Archeology and 107th in the world for Agricultural Engineering.

According to Wikipedia and