Rujak is a traditional Indonesian fruit salad originating from Java. It’s also very popular in Singapore and Malaysia. There are many variations throughout the country, but the most popular type is rujak buah or fruit rujak, consisting of fresh seasonal fruits with a sour or bland flavor served with a spicy and sweet dressing containing palm sugar.
The dressing usually also contains water, fried peanuts, tamarind paste, and hot chili peppers. Rujak salads are mostly vegetarian, but in some cases the dressing might include prawn paste. Some of the fruit used for rujak include Java apples, unripe mangoes, papaya, pineapple, and kedondong (June plums).
The name asinan refers to traditional Indonesian salads made with pickled fruit or vegetables. It is believed that the fruit variety originates from Jakarta and the vegetable variety from the city of Bogor. The dish was developed under numerous cultural influences, and it is a true representative of Indonesian multicultural heritage.
Asinan is a typical street dish in Indonesia, and it is usually sold by street vendors or at local eateries. However, it is also a common dish in many traditional Indonesian restaurants. Although asinan can be made with any fruits or vegetables, cabbage and cucumbers are the most common ingredients.
Vietnamese Fruit Salad (Hoa quả dầm)
Hoa quả dầm is a traditional fruit salad originating from Vietnam. The fruit salad is made with the freshest possible summer fruits such as lychees, jackfruit, papaya, pineapple, mango, dragon fruit, longan, watermelon, Asian pear, bananas, plums, strawberries, and mangosteen.
The fruit is cut into bite-sized pieces and spooned into a tall glass, which is then topped with crushed ice and a combination of coconut cream, condensed milk, and yogurt. The fruit salad is simply mixed with a spoon and enjoyed as it is. This fruit salad is immensely popular in Vietnam as it has every part of the country in it, with fruit from the north, south, and center of the country.
Rujak tumbuk or rujak bēbēk is a traditional fruit salad originating from Indonesia. This type of rujak uses the same ingredients as for the basic fruit rujak (rujak buah) such as Java apples, kedondong (June plums), unripe mango, green pisang batu banana, jicama, and red yam.
The fruit is mashed or ground with a wooden mortar, while the dressing is added to the mix instead of being poured over the top. It’s typically made with a combiantion of palm sugar, chili peppers, salt, and prawn paste. This rujak is traditionally served in individual small plastic cups or on banana leaf plates.
Rujak petis is a traditional Indonesian salad and a specialty of Surabaya, East Java. This type of rujak is similar to rujak cingur, but it’s meatless. The dish usually contains sliced mango, cucumbers, water spinach, jicama, kedondong (June plums), soybean sprouts, and tofu.
The ingredients are served in a dark sauce made from black fermented prawn paste called petis (hence the name of the dish), palm sugar, shallots, salt, and ground or crushed peanuts. Although this salad was traditionally served on banana leaf plates in the past, nowadays it’s served on standard plates, and it’s often topped with fried shallots.
According to tasteatlas.com